Well Drilling Engineering Programme
 
English name: Well Drilling Engineering
Course number: 040135
Applicable specialties: Petroleum Engineering
Period:54              Credit: 3
Course category: Basic courses in subject
Course Type: major course
1、Course Property and Objective
Drilling engineering is one of the three major courses in PE, which is the Petroleum Engineering requirement course. The purpose is let student know oil-gas well drilling's essential technology , equipment, downhole tools, mastering drilling engineering's essential fundamental, theory and technology, understanding well drilling development trend, new technology and frontier, preliminarily possessed scientific research ability in drilling engineering, and the ability of oil-field work.
2、Contents
Chapter 1 Drilling engineering and geologic conditions
Section 1 Underground pressure feature
(1) Different underground pressure
(2) Underground pressure evaluation
(3) Formation fracture pressure
Section emphases: reservoir pressure、formation fracture pressure、formation stress、prediction principle、test procedure
Section difficulty: Abnormal formation pressure and evaluation
Section 2:engineering mechanics natrue of rock
(1) mechanical characteristic of rock
(2) mechanical characteristic rock and the affecting factor in bottomhole condition
(3) abrasiveness of rock
(4) drillability of rock
(5) hardness and plasticity factor test (experiment)
Section emphases:mechanics nature of rock and the affecting factor, hardness and plasticity evaluation and its application.
Chapter 2 Drilling tools
Section 1 drill bit
(1) construction and work principal of blade bit
(2) construction and work principal of cone bit
(3) construction and work principal of diamond bit, PDC bit
(4) bit type and classification
Section emphases:cone bit 、PDC bit's construction and drilling principal
Section difficulty: mechanism of cone bit sliping and its application
Section 2: drill String
(1) function and composition of drill string
(2) mode of operation and force analysis of drill string
Section emphases:The classification and construction of drill string, design basis of drii string, reason of drill string failure and its prevention.
Section difficulty:Mechanism analysis of column out of work.
Chapter 3 Drilling fluids
Section 1 Definition and Function of Drilling fluids
(1) Definition of Drilling fluids
(2) Function of Drilling fluids
Section 2 Composition and Classification of Drilling fluids
(1) Composition of Drilling fluids
(2) Classification of Drilling fluids
Section 3 Property Drilling fluids
(1) Density of Drilling fluid
(2) Rheology and its property Adjustment of Drilling fluids
(3) Mud cake property and Fluid loss additive in Drilling fluid
Section 4 Solids control of Drilling fluids
(1) The influence of solid phase to ROP
(2) Method of Solids control
(3) The Solids control appliance of Drilling fluid
(4) Polymeric Flocculant
Section 5 Sloughing and caving Prevention measure
(1) Indication and harm of Sloughing
(2) Caving prevention measure
Section 6 Reservoir damage and Completion fluids
(1) Primary cause and damage prevention measure of Reservoir
(2) Completion fluids
Chapter emphases:Performance of drilling fluid and adjustment method, Solids control and apply, Performance require of Completion fluid.
Chapter difficulty:Analysis to drilling fluid performance influence factor, Affects the mechanism of Completion fluid to exploration.
Explanation:Specialized course Oilfield chemistryCraft principle of Drilling Fluid narrate Drilling fluid additive and mechanism. This chapter content is the technology base of drilling fluid.
Chapter 4 Optimization of drilling parameters
Section 1 Relations of Various Parameters during Drilling
(1) The primary factor influencing ROP
(2) ROP analysis model
(3) Bit wear model
(4) Related coefficient of drilling model determineation
Section emphases:The factor influencing ROP
Section difficulty:Quantify analysis of influence factor
Section 2 Optimization of mechanic rock bricking parameters
(1) Establishment of objective functions
(2) Extremal condition and Constraints of objective function
(3) Bit optimum wear、optimum WOB and optimum ROP
Section emphases: Influence and regulateon of mechanical rock bricking parameters
Section difficulty:Establishment and application of objective function
Section 3 Design of Hydraulics Optimization
(1) Hydraulic performance of jet bit
(2) Basic relations of water horsepower transmission
(3) Calculation of friction pressure in circulation
(4) Drill pump operating characteristic
(5) Standard of hydraulics optimization
(6) Maxium bit hydropower
(7) Maxium jet impact force
(8) Design of hydraulics Optimization
Section emphases:Calculation of hydraulic parameters, the affecting mechanism on ROP
Section difficulty:Principle and method of jet drilling Optimization design
                                                
Chapter 5 Well orbit design and track control
Section 1 Well track’s basic concept
(1) Basic parameters of track
(2) Calculation parameters of track
(3) Graphic method of track
Section emphases:Track parameter’s computational methods.
Section difficulty:Affection of different computational methods.
Section 2 Track’s survey and computation
(1) Deviational survey method and briefly introduction of inclinometer
(2) Regulation of deviation survey computational data
(3) Track computational methods
Section emphases:Measure methods and principle, measured parameter’s track computational methods.
Section difficulty:Principle and reasonable choice for different computational methods.
Section 3 Deviation control technology for straight well
(1) Well deviation analysis
(2) Packed hole assembly in Well deviation control
(3) Pendulum assembly in Well deviation control
Section emphases: Reason of Well deviation, deviation control method and application.
Section difficulty:Main Protect deviation control method’s mechanism
Section 4 Direction well orbit design
(1) Direction well orbit classification
(2) Conventional two-dimensional direction well
Section emphases:Track design methods and application.
Section 5 Directional well deflecting tool and track control
(1) PDM deflecting tool
(2) Rotary table drilling deflecting tool
(3) Basic method of direction well track control
(4) Calculation of hole deflection
(5) hole orientation with deflecting tools
Section emphases:Method and principle of track control, device and technological process.
Section difficulty:Influence of controlled variable for track and its determination.
Section 6 Horizontal well drilling technology introduction
(1) Horizontal well concept
(2) Horizontal well economic efficiency and application prospect
(3) The horizontal well drilling's difficulty
Section emphases:Horizontal well’s technology and application, Key technologies、development and application.
Section difficulty:Horizontal well’s track control technology and its application
Chapter 6 Oil&gas well pressure control
Section 1 Wellbore and Formation pressure system
(1) Relation of wellbore and Formation pressure
(2) Balanced drilling
(3) Underbalanced drilling
Section emphases:Well pressure system and pressure balance relations, balance pressure, under balanced drilling and application.
Section difficulty:Influence mechanism of various pressures to well drilling.
Section 2 Formation fluids invasion and examination
(1) Formation fluid invasion in well bore
(2) Annular Two-Phase Flow in Wellbores distribution and flow characteristics while gas cutting
(3) Formation fluids invasion and examination
Section emphases:Formation fluid invasion’s examination method and theory.
Section difficulty:Gas cut influence
Section 3 Control of formation fluid invasion
(1) shutting in procedure while well kick
(2) drilling fluids density calculation in kill well
(3) Killing well ‘s theory and method
Section emphases:Relationship of SPP, CP and reservoir pressure; Relationship of casing shoe pressure and formation fracture pressure; Various pressure balance and computation.
Section difficulty:Influence of Gas invasion to pressure system.
Chapter 7 Casing & Cementing and well completion
Section 6 Wellbore structure design
(1) Casing type
(2) Well structure design’s principal
(3) Design coefficient
(4) Well structure design’s methods
(5) Casing and wellbore size determineation
Section emphases:Foundation and design method of Well structure design.
Section difficulty:The determination of casing setting depth
Section 2 Casing string’s design
(1) Casing and casing string
(2) Casing string’s stress analysis and casing strength
(3) Casing strength’s principle of design
Section emphases:Casing string design method and project.
Section difficulty:Under many load functions intensity criterion and practical application.
Section 3 Cement injection technology
(1) Oil well cement
(2) The relationship of cement characteristic and cementing engineering
(3) Leading fluid system
(4) Improving cementing quality measuree
Section emphases:Influence well cementation quality’s primary factor and countermeasure
Section difficulty:Wellbore diameter、flow pattern、rheology、technology’s influence to cementing quality, gelling, bridge resulted weight loss mechanism, affecting factors in gas well cementing, engineering strategy.
Section 4 Completion Technique
(1) Reservoir drilling
(2) Oil&gas well completion principle and downhole structure type
(3) Open hole completion
(4) Perforation completion
(5) Sand control completion
(6) Special well completion
(7) Well completion wellhead
Section emphases:Completion technique methods, feature and suitability.
Section difficulty:The relationship of completion methods and oil reservoir exploitation.
Chapter 8 Other drilling technique and operation
Section 1 Borehole problems and treatment
(1) Well blowout and treatment
(2) Lost circulation and treatment
(3) Pipe Sticking and treatment
(4) Drilling toll accident and treatment
(5) Downhole fish/junk and treatment
Section emphases:lost circulation、pipe sticking and treatment.
Section difficulty:pipe sticking point determination with mechanical calculation method
Section 2 Coring technology
(1) Outline
(2) Coring tool
(3) Enhancing core recovery
Section emphases:Understanding each kind Coring technology and feature.
Section difficulty:High pressure sealed coring device and the mechanism of technology.
Section 3 Casing exiting technology
(1) Casing exiting with whipstocks
(2) Casing exiting with expansion casing mill
The teacher should unify the curriculum course content to supplement the partial correlation discipline frontier research content, and new technology application content. The improtantance is the well drilling engineering theory and its application, Introducing some multi-disciplinary knowledge suitably in the drilling engineering application. While insuring curriculum course content systematic, to stress on key point of each chapter in teaching and list the knowledge spot in lesson plan.
3 、Essential requirements of curriculum teaching
1. This curriculum's teaching includes the classroom teaching、student studying independently, exercise discussion, experiment, homework, tutoring, mid Semester examines and Terminal examinations and so on .
2. The classroom instruction uses heuristic or discussion teaching method, with computer multimedia, let theory connect with production reality.
3. Asking students preparation before lessons, Through self studies to strengthen knowledge KA ability.
4. Through curriculum teaching, upon understanding and grasping the knowledge which the teaching programme requested, students can apply these knowledge correctly, analysis and solution actual problems, has certain engineering quality.
4 、Curriculum study period assignment
Teaching contents
periods
1. Exordium
2
2. Drilling engineering geologic conditions
4
3. Drill tools
6
4. Drill fluids
4
5. Drilling parameters optimization
6
6. Wellbore orbit design and track control
10
7. Oil&gas well presssure control
6
8. Well cementation and well completion
10
9.Other drilling technology and operations
6
Total
54
5 、Teaching material and teaching reference book
[1]Theory and Technology of Drilling Engineering, Petroleum university publishing company,Guan zhichuan and so on.
[2]Well Drilling Technology Fundamentals ,Volume one\two\three,Liu xisheng, Oil industry publishing company.
[3]Utility Drilling Engineering,Xu yunying(interpret), Parent company information research institute
[4]Applied Drilling Engineering,Adam T. Bourgoyne etc.
[5]A Prime of Oilwell Drilling,5th Edition(Revised)
[6]The Rotary Rig and its Components,4th Edition
[7] Related the SPE literature, related specialized literature of Chinese periodical net
Writer(signature): Nie Cuiping           Proofreader(signature):Guo Jianmin
Reader(signature&stamp):Li  Qi          Ratifier(signature&stamp):Cui Zhijian
 

 
《钻井工程》课程教学大纲
 
 
英文名称: Drilling Engineering           课程编号:040135
适用专业:石油工程
学时:54       学分:3
课程类别:学科大类基础课
课程性质:主干课程
 
一、课程的性质和目的
该课程是石油工程专业的三门主干专业课之一,为石油工程专业必修课。目的是使学生了解油气钻井的基本工艺流程、常用钻井设备与井下工具,掌握钻井工程技术原理、理论方法与现场应用;了解钻井工程技术的发展趋势、新技术和新工艺;了解学科研究的前沿内容。通过该课程的学习,具备从事钻井工程领域科学研究的基础、具备油气井工程现场工程施工的一定工程素质。
 
二、课程教学内容
绪论
(1)钻机的组成及钻井工具
(2)钻井工艺流程及井身结构
(3)钻井的工程地质条件
第一章 钻井的工程和地质条件
第一节 地下压力特性
(1)地下各种压力
(2)地下压力评价
(3)地层破裂压力
本节重点:地层压力、地层破裂压力、地应力,预测原理、测试方法;
本节难点:异常地层压力成因及其评价。
第二节 岩石的工程力学性质
(1)岩石的机械性质
(2)井底条件下岩石的机械性质及其影响因素
(3)岩石研磨性
(4)岩石的可钻性
(5)硬度及塑性系数实验(实验课)
     本节重点:岩石的力学性质及其影响因素,硬度与塑性的评价及其应用。
第二章  钻进工具
第一节 钻头
(1)刮刀钻头的结构及工作原理
(2)牙轮钻头的结构及工作原理
(3)金刚石材料钻头的结构及工作原理
(4)钻头的类型及分类法
本节重点:牙轮钻头、PDC钻头的结构及其破岩原理;
本节难点:牙轮钻头产生滑动的的机理及其应用。
第二节 钻柱
(1)钻柱的作用与组成
(2)钻柱的工作状态及受力分析
     本节重点:钻柱的结构及其分类,钻柱设计基础;钻柱失效的原因及其预防。
本节难点:钻柱失效机理分析。
第三章  钻井液
第一节 钻井液的定义及功用
(1)钻井液的定义
(2)钻井液的功用
第二节 钻井液的组成和分类
(1)钻井液的组成
(2)钻井液的分类
第三节 钻井液的性能
(1)钻井液的密度
(2)钻井液的流变性能及调整
(3)钻井液的造壁性能及降滤失量剂
第四节 钻井液的固相控制
(1)钻井液中的固相对钻速的影响
(2)固相控制方法
(3)钻井液固相控制设备
(4)聚合物絮凝剂
第五节 井塌及防塌措施
(1)井塌的征兆与危害
(2)防止井壁坍塌的措施
第六节 油气层保护及完井液
(1)储层损害的主要原因及防止措施
(2)完井液
本章重点:钻井液主要性能指标及其调节方法,固控系统及其使用,完井液性能要求;
本章难点:影响钻井液性能的因素分析,完井液对于油气开发的影响机理。
     说    明:在专业方向课《油田化学》、《钻井液工艺原理》重点讲述钻井液添加剂
及其作用机理。本章内容为钻井液技术基础。
第四章 钻进参数优选
第一节 钻进过程中各参数间的基本关系
(1)影响钻速的主要因素
(2)钻速方程
(3)钻头磨损方程
(4)钻进方程中有关系数的确定
本节重点:影响机械钻速的诸因素
本节难点:各影响因素的量化分析
第二节 机械破岩钻进参数优选
(1)目标函数的建立
(2)目标函数的极值条件和约束条件
(3)钻头最优磨损量、最优钻压和最有钻速
本节重点:机械破岩参数的影响及其调节
本节难点:目标函数的建立及其应用
第三节 水力参数优化设计
(1)喷射式钻头的水力特性
(2)水功率传递的基本关系
(3)循环系统压耗的计算
(4)钻井泵的工作特性
(5)水力参数优选的标准
(6)最大钻头水功率
(7)最大射流冲击力
(8)水力参数优化设计
本节重点:水力参数的量化计算,对机械钻速的影响机理
本节难点:喷射钻井优化设计原理与方法
第五章 井眼轨道设计与轨迹控制
第一节 井眼轨迹的基本概念
(1)轨迹的基本参数
(2)轨迹的计算参数
(3)轨迹的图示法
本节重点:轨迹参数的计算方法
本节难点:不同计算方法的影响
第二节 轨迹的测量及计算
(1)测斜方法及测斜仪简介
(2)对测斜计算数据的规定
(3)轨迹计算方法
本节重点:测量方法与原理,实测参数的轨迹计算方法
本节难点:不同计算方法的原理及其合理选择
第三节 直井防斜技术
(1)井斜的原因分析
(2)满眼钻具组合控制井斜
(3)钟摆钻具组合控制井斜
本节重点:井斜的原因,防斜方法及其应用
本节难点:主要防斜方法的机理
第四节 定向井井眼轨道设计
(1)定向井轨道分类
(2)常规二维定向井轨道设计
本节重点:轨迹设计方法及其应用
第五节 定向井造斜工具及轨迹控制
(1)动力钻具造斜工具
(2)转盘钻造斜工具
(3)定向井轨迹控制的基本方法
(4)扭方位计算
(5)造斜工具的定向
本节重点:轨迹控制方法与原理,装备与工艺流程
本节难点:控制参数对于轨迹的影响及其确定
第六节 水平井钻井技术简介
(1)水平井的基本概念
(2)水平井的经济效益与应用前景
(3)水平井钻井的难度所在
     本节重点:水平井技术及其应用,关键技术及其发展与应用
本节难点:水平井轨迹控制技术及其应用
第六章 油气井压力控制
第一节 井眼与地层压力系统
(1)井眼与地层压力关系
(2)平衡压力钻井
(3)欠平衡压力钻井
本节重点:井筒内压力体系及其平衡关系,平衡、欠平衡钻井技术及其应用
本节难点:各压力对于钻井的影响机理
第二节 地层流体的侵入与检测
(1)地层流体侵入井眼
(2)气侵情况环空中气液两相流的流型分布与流动特点
(3)地层流体侵入的检测
本节重点:地层流体侵入的检测方法及其原理
本节难点:气侵的影响
第三节 地层流体侵入的控制
(1)井涌关井程序
(2)压井钻井液密度计算
(3)压井理论与方法
本节重点:立管压力、套管压、地层压力的关系;套管鞋处压力与地层破裂压力的关
系;各压力平衡及其计算。
本节难点:气体侵入对于压力体系的影响
第七章 固井与完井
第一节 井身结构设计
(1)套管的类型
(2)井身结构设计原则
(3)设计系数
(4)井身结构设计的方法
(5)套管尺寸和井眼尺寸的选择
本节重点:井身结构设计的依据及其设计方法
本节难点:套管下入深度的确定
第二节 套管柱的设计
(1)套管和套管柱
(2)套管柱的受力分析及套管强度
(3)套管强度设计原则
本节重点:套管柱设计方法及设计程序
本节难点:多项载荷作用下的强度准则及其实际应用
第三节 注水泥技术
(1)油井水泥
(2)水泥浆性能与固井工程的关系
(3)前置液体系
(4)提高注水泥质量的措施
本节重点:影响固井质量的主要因素及其对策
本节难点:井径、流态、流变性、工艺技术措施对于固井质量的影响,气井固井中胶
凝、桥塞失重的机理、影响因素,工程对策。
第四节 完井技术
(1)钻开储集层
(2)油气井的完井原则及完井井底结构类型
(3)裸眼完井法
(4)射孔完井法
(5)防砂完井
(6)特殊完井
(7)完井井口装置
      本节重点:各完井方法及其特点、适应性
      本节难点:完井方法与油藏开发的关系
第八章 其它钻井技术及作业
第一节 井下复杂情况及事故处理
(1)井喷失控及处理
(2)井漏及处理
(3)卡钻及处理
(4)钻具事故及处理
(5)落物事故及处理
本节重点:井漏、卡钻事故及处理方法
本章难点:力学方法确定钻柱卡点位置
第二节 取心技术
(1)概述
(2)取心工具
(3)提高岩心收获率
 本章重点:了解各种取心技术及其特点
 本章难点:高压密闭取芯装置与工艺的机理
第三节 套管开窗技术
(1)用斜向器进行套管开窗
(2)用扩张式套管磨鞋进行开窗
 
任课教师应该结合课程教学内容补充部分相关学科前沿研究领域的内容,以及新工艺技术应用方面的内容。重点是钻井工程理论及其应用,适当介绍多学科知识在钻井工程中的应用。在保障课程教学内容系统性的同时,每章重点突出,教案中列出知识点。
 
三、课程教学的基本要求
 
1、本课程的教学包括课堂讲授、学生自学、习题讨论、实验(独立设课)、作业、辅导答疑、期中测验和期末考试等教学环节。
2、课堂教学采用启发式或讨论式的教学方法,采用计算机多媒体大信息量教学,理论结合生产实际。
3、要求学生课前认真预习,通过自学强化知识获取能力。
4、通过本课程的教学,学生在理解和掌握大纲所要求的知识内容的基础上,能正确地应用这些知识解决分析和实际问题,具备一定的工程素质。
 
四、课程学时分配

讲      课      内      容
学   时
1、绪论
2
2、钻井的工程地质条件
4
3、钻进工具
6
4、钻井液
4
5、钻进参数优选
6
6、井眼轨道设计与轨迹控制
10
7、油气井压力控制
6
8、固井与完井
10
9、其它钻井技术及作业
6
 
 
合     计
54

五、建议教材与教学参考书

[1]《钻井工程理论与技术》,石油大学出版社,管志川等编
[2]《钻井工艺原理》上\中\下册,刘希圣主编,石油工业出版社
[3]《实用钻井工程》,徐云英主编(译),总公司情报研究所
[4]《Applied Drilling Engineering》,Adam T. Bourgoyne etc.
[5]《A Prime of Oilwell Drilling》,5th Edition(Revised)
[6]《The Rotary Rig and its Components》,4th Edition
[7]相关SPE文献、中文期刊网相关专业文献
 
 
制订者(签字):聂翠平           校对者(签字):郭建明               
审定者(签章):李琪             批准者(签章):崔之健               
 
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